The Neanderthal man has long been portrayed as a pre-human "cave man" who spoke only in grunts, relying heavily on body language, as do primates.
However, after finding a fossilized Neanderthal hyoid, a bone that is instrumental in enabling speech, this assumption has been revisited.
Using a computer model of the bone, scientists compared it to that of modern humans. It demonstrates that modern man and the Neanderthal have very similar linguistic capabilities.
In non-human primates, the hyoid is not placed in the right position to vocalize like humans.
Our human capacity for speech and language has long been used as a fundamental characteristic that makes us human.
Researcher, Stephen Wroe says, “If Neanderthals also had language then they were truly human too.”
This, added to other recent discoveries, show that far from being pre-humans, Neanderthals were extremely similar to ourselves in almost every respect.
Reassembled after 2300 years, a beautifully decorated collar was found in fragments in an Egyptian tomb in Thebes.
Called “wesekhs,” they were made of beads and worn by people in ancient Egypt while alive. The painted “cartonnage” collars were worn by the mummy only after death.
The tomb became crowded through the years, as more mummies found homes there, a common occurrence with possible economic motives
An inscription written in a mud-clay seal near the collar says that it was made for a man named "Padihorwer."
The translation reads he was "privy to the mysteries and god's sealer, 'embalmer,' scribe, prophet of the 'desert' (necropolis) of Qus," which is located north of Thebes.
Did you know there are over 3000 Stonehenge-like formations around the world?
Placed in circles or rows, these structures still baffle the experts. They have been linked with worship, sacrifice, and alignment with the planets
A newer idea is that they were used for their earthquake-warning ability. Hmmm.
A beautiful example are those in France, called the Carnac Stones, which are configured in different patterns.
For more info, check this out.
How could an advanced, thriving civilization the size of Norway just disappear?
The Indus Valley Civilization, India’s oldest known people group, once occupied the Indus Valley that stretches from western India to Afghanistan. Their abrupt collapse in 1500 BC is baffling—the scale rivaling that of the great Mayan decline.
In 1922, archeologists started uncovering remnants of this people’s fascinating cities, lost for 4,000 years. By 1998, 1400 town sites were discovered, some occupied by 50,000 residents!
Adding even more mystery, the towns were laid out in perfect grids by experienced, organized engineers and workers. Each brick home had its own bathroom, connected by clay pipes that ran underground and dumped waste outside the city. Each had running water and windows that opened onto a central courtyard.
Residents were skilled in metallurgy, jewelry-making, and even dentistry. They developed their own precise measuring system and their hard, uniform bricks still survive. In the fertile valley, they grew a surplus of food and each town had a large central storage building for grain.
So what happened? Wouldn't you know if your great-grandfather lived in 50,000-person city? How could this information vanish from the records and memories? With no known natural disaster and no evidence of a military defeat, scientists continue to search for more clues.
Here’s my question: If massive, complex cultures can exist for 2000 years, then virtually vanish off the face of the earth, with no one knowing what happened, what makes us think it couldn’t happen to us?
Read more HERE
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