The Neanderthal man has long been portrayed as a pre-human "cave man" who spoke only in grunts, relying heavily on body language, as do primates.
However, after finding a fossilized Neanderthal hyoid, a bone that is instrumental in enabling speech, this assumption has been revisited.
Using a computer model of the bone, scientists compared it to that of modern humans. It demonstrates that modern man and the Neanderthal have very similar linguistic capabilities.
In non-human primates, the hyoid is not placed in the right position to vocalize like humans.
Our human capacity for speech and language has long been used as a fundamental characteristic that makes us human.
Researcher, Stephen Wroe says, “If Neanderthals also had language then they were truly human too.”
This, added to other recent discoveries, show that far from being pre-humans, Neanderthals were extremely similar to ourselves in almost every respect.
Over 80 golden artifacts are presumed stolen from the museum depot in Skopje, the capital of FYROM, the Reformed Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
Many of the items were golden earrings dating back from the Hellenic era. They were discovered in digs between 2009 and 2010.
Several archaeologists (illegal excavators) working as employees of the culture ministry, have been charged with helping to determine the price of the artifacts and find buyers abroad.
FYROM's former chief excavator, Pasko Kuzman, was arrested in July for misuse of office, leading to speculation of his involvement in the theft.
And so the "Indiana Jones-esque" intrigue continues.
Extra tidbit: Though the country’s residents call themselves the “Republic of Macedonia,” its neighbor, Greece, is outraged. It has threatened economic blockades, fearing the use of the name “Macedonia,” might provide claim to ancient Macedonian lands that reside well within Greece.
For more on the lost treasure, click HERE.
For more on FYROM, click HERE.
Reassembled after 2300 years, a beautifully decorated collar was found in fragments in an Egyptian tomb in Thebes.
Called “wesekhs,” they were made of beads and worn by people in ancient Egypt while alive. The painted “cartonnage” collars were worn by the mummy only after death.
The tomb became crowded through the years, as more mummies found homes there, a common occurrence with possible economic motives
An inscription written in a mud-clay seal near the collar says that it was made for a man named "Padihorwer."
The translation reads he was "privy to the mysteries and god's sealer, 'embalmer,' scribe, prophet of the 'desert' (necropolis) of Qus," which is located north of Thebes.
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